Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:165:\"Declaration of flag_rules_data_type::get_default_input_form() should be compatible with rules_data_type::get_default_input_form($variable_info, $value, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/flag/includes/flag.rules.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:75;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538070) in /var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/flag/includes/flag.rules.inc on line 75

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:456:\"Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1\nquery: INSERT INTO watchdog\n (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp)\n VALUES\n (0, 'Apache Solr', '"0" Status: Request failed: Connection refused', 'N;', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538081)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:53:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/modules/dblog/dblog.module\";s:5:\"%line\" in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:12:\"user warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:416:\"Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1\nquery: INSERT INTO watchdog\n (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp)\n VALUES\n (0, 'Apache Solr', 'Error running search', 'a:0:{}', 5, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538081)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:53:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/modules/dblog/dblog.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:147;}', 3, '', 'http://f in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:77:\"Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:61:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/flag/flag.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:890;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538082) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:77:\"Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:61:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/flag/flag.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:890;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538082) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:77:\"Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:61:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/flag/flag.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:890;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538082) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:77:\"Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_row() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:61:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/flag/flag.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:890;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538082) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:68:\"Non-static method view::load_views() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:864;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538082) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:68:\"Non-static method view::db_objects() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:68:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/includes/view.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:1417;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538082) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:906;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:86:\"Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_content_type() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/flag/includes/flag.views.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:160;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:86:\"Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_content_type() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/flag/includes/flag.views.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:160;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:86:\"Non-static method flag_flag::factory_by_content_type() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:73:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/flag/includes/flag.views.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:160;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:111:\"Declaration of views_handler_field_user::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:92:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/modules/user/views_handler_field_user.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:47;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/modules/user/views_handler_field_user.inc on line 47

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:109:\"Declaration of views_handler_argument::init() should be compatible with views_handler::init(&$view, $options)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:86:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:744;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument.inc on line 744

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:35;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:35;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:134:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:607;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:130:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:84:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:607;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 607

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:154:\"Declaration of views_handler_filter_boolean_operator::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state)\";s:5:\"%file\";s:101:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:159;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_boolean_operator.inc on line 159

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:906;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:35;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:35;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:906;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:35;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:35;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:906;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:35;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:35;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538083) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:62:\"Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically\";s:5:\"%file\";s:63:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/views.module\";s:5:\"%line\";i:906;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538084) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:35;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538084) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

Warning: Out of range value for column 'wid' at row 1 query: INSERT INTO watchdog (uid, type, message, variables, severity, link, location, referer, hostname, timestamp) VALUES (0, 'php', '%message in %file on line %line.', 'a:4:{s:6:\"%error\";s:14:\"strict warning\";s:8:\"%message\";s:137:\"Non-static method views_many_to_one_helper::option_definition() should not be called statically, assuming $this from incompatible context\";s:5:\"%file\";s:98:\"/var/www/html/academicroom/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_argument_many_to_one.inc\";s:5:\"%line\";i:35;}', 3, '', 'http://ftp.academicroom.com/professions/journalism-and-media', '', '35.170.82.159', 1653538084) in /var/www/html/academicroom/includes/database.mysql.inc on line 136

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Journalism and Media | Academic Room

Journalism, Media, Communications

This article discusses the role of journalism in the disciplinary growth of the study of communication. It traces the initial role that journalism played in communication studies' development, considers how it has taken shape differently in some of the discipline's sub-fields of inquiry, and charts how it has developed in different geographic regions. Addressing journalism's contemporary positioning around the world, the article argues that the study of communication could profit by acknowledging more fully journalism's centrality in helping keep communication studies a singular and vibrant field of academic inquiry.

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