European Accounts of Sikhs

A cursory glance at the early 18th century South Asia, reveals that the Mughal Empire was on its decline and new powers were emerging on the political horizon. The historians have attributed various factors that led to the weakening of Mughal authority and subsequent rise of successor states in different parts of the country. The emergence of these regional forces – the Marathas in the Deccan, the Jats in and around Bharatpur and the Sikhs in Punjab, were chiefly responsible for the extinction of Mughal authority in their respective regions. Significantly, the British had consolidated their position in Bengal to gain control of Orissa and Bihar. Alarmed by political instability coupled with desire to secure their territorialand commercial interests they were watching very closely the tussle for supremacy that was going at the Mughal court.


<a href="/book/early-european-accounts-sikhs">Early European Accounts of the...</a>
James Browne, Jerome Xavier, John Surman, Edward Stephenson, A. L. H. Polier, George Forster, John Griffiths, William Francklin, Charles Wilkins
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