Ghallughārā, Vaḍḍā (1762)

VAḌḌĀ GHALLŪGHĀRĀ, lit. major holocaust or carnage, so called to distinguish it from another similar disaster, Chhoṭā (minor) Ghallūghārā that took place in 1746, is how a one-day battle between the Dal Khālsā and Ahmad Shāh Durrānī fought on 5 February 1762 with a heavy toll of life is remembered in Sikh history. As Ahmad Shāh was returning home after his historic victory over the Marāṭhās in the third battle of Pānīpat in 1761, the Sikhs had harassed him all the way from the Sutlej right up to the Indus.

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