Śaiva Traditions

Śaiva traditions are those whose focus is the deity Śiva and a Śaiva is a Hindu who follows the teachings of Śiva (śivaśāsana). These teachings are thought to have been revealed in sacred scriptures and propagated through the generations in traditions of ritual observance and theology. Many Śaivas have also worshipped the Goddess, Śiva’s consort and power (śakti), as the esoteric heart of their religion, and it is often impossible to  meaningfully distinguish between Śaiva and Śākta traditions.


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