Shakers

Popular name of the members of the United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, also called the Alethians, or the Millennial Church. This most successful of the communistic societies of 19th–century America originated from the conversion of Ann Lee at a Quaker revival under Jane and James Wardley in Manchester, England. Ann Lee was born in Manchester, England, in 1736, converted in 1758, and married in 1762; her unhappy marital experience, coupled with severe illness, brought about a conviction that concupiscence was the basic cause of human depravity and the world's wrongs.

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