Greek Language

Greek language, Indo-European language spoken primarily in Greece. It has a long and well-documented history—the longest of any Indo-European language—spanning 34 centuries. There is an Ancient phase, subdivided into a Mycenaean period (texts in syllabic script attested from the 14th to the 13th century bc) and Archaic and Classical periods (beginning with the adoption of the alphabet, from the 8th to the 4th century bc); a Hellenistic and Roman phase (4th century bc to 4th century ad); a Byzantine phase (5th to 15th century ad); and a Modern phase.


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