History of Portugal

The history of Portugal, a European and an Atlantic nation, dates back to the Early Middle Ages. In the 15th and 16th centuries, it ascended to the status of a world power during Europe's "Age of Discovery" as it built up a vast empire including possessions in South America, Africa, Asia and Australasia. In the next two centuries, Portugal gradually lost much of its wealth and status as the Dutch, English and French took an increasing share of the spice and slave trades (the economic basis of its empire), by surrounding or conquering the widely-scattered Portuguese trading posts and territories, leaving it with ever fewer resources to defend its overseas interests.

Books

<a href="/book/d.-maria-i-%3A-rainha-louca">D. Maria I : a rainha louca</a>
Boléo, Luísa V. de Paiva
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<a href="/book/d.-filipe-ii-%3A-de-cognome-%22o-pio%22">D. Filipe II : de cognome &quot;o...</a>
Olival, Fernanda
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<a href="/book/d.-dinis">D. Dinis</a>
Pizarro, José Augusto de Sotto Mayor
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<a href="/book/arlindo-vicente-e-o-estado-novo-%3A-hist%C3%B3ria%2C-cultura-e-pol%C3%ADtica">Arlindo Vicente e o Estado Novo :...</a>
Santos, Miguel Dias
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