Den gemensamma utvecklingen: Staten, storföretaget och samarbetet kring den svenska elkrafttekniken

Citation
Title:
Den gemensamma utvecklingen: Staten, storföretaget och samarbetet kring den svenska elkrafttekniken
Author:
Editor:
City:
Stockholm & Stehag
Publisher:
Symposion
Year:
1999
Volume:
No. of Volumes:
Edition:
Pages:
264
Series Volume:
Series Editor:
Hans Weinberger
Series Title:
Stockholm Papers in the History and Philosophy of Technology
Translator:
Language:
Swedish
URL:
DOI:
LCCN:
OCLC Number:
License
No License (All right reserved)
ISBN:
91-7139-463-X
Last Updated:
December 25th, 2013
Abstract

This study analyzes a Swedish development pair (utvecklingspar), a close, long-term collaboration between a private industrial company and a state customer on several development projects for new technologies. The specific subject is the formation of a development pair around electric power technologies between the State power utility the RoyalBoard of Waterfalls (Vattenfall) and the electrotechnical company Asea. The collaboration and the central processes in its formation from1906-69 are described and the role of technological, social and cultural factors in this process are analyzed. Development pairs belong to the analytical 'meso' level linking macro and micro levels. The study uses perspectives from sociology of science and technology and cultural studies and key concepts from the sociotechnical systems and development block approaches. It develops a microlevel approach under the label 'sociotechnical engineering' that recognizes how engineers in their development work are engaged in technological, social and cultural construction activities.The result is a study of the technological, social, and cultural processes that influenced the forming of the development pair. It consists of a description of the central elements of the Swedish electrotechnical development culture up to the First World War followed by five empirical case studies on collaborations around development of new electric power technologies. The first study concerns the development of high-voltage circuit breakers at the first Swedish State hydropower plant 1906-16. The second looks at the development1915-26 of transformers for Vattenfall's Western trunk line. This is followed by another study on circuit-breakers and its connection to the scientization of Swedish technology in 1925-35. The fourth study is on long-distance transmission technologies for Swedish super power transmissions using high voltage direct and alternating current in 1940-57. The last case study looks at the failed collaboration on nuclear reactors in the end of the 1950s and the ensuing crisis in the development collaboration. Notable results are the importance to the development work of social networks among engineers and Swedish technological nationalism.

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